Gum disease is one of the main causes of tooth loss amongst adults. Gum disease is caused by bacteria and parasite infection and can occur at any age.
The infection starts by a daily accumulation of plaque – a transparent bacteria layer that adheres to the tooth enamel and the gum line. If plaque is not removed every day with a toothbrush and dental floss, it hardens and transforms into tartar (calculus), a material resistant to brushing and flossing that causes gum inflammation or bone tissue deterioration.
The most common periodontal diseases are gingivitis and periodontitis.
What are the symptoms associated with periodontal diseases?
- Gum discoloration
- Gum reddening or bleeding
- Persistent bad breath (halitosis)
- Metallic taste in mouth
- Bright, swollen, sensitive or painful gums
- Sensitive or instable teeth with no apparent reason
If you feel one or more of these symptoms, seek professional advice. The FAIRMOUNT DENTAL CENTRE specialists will recommend the treatment best suited to your condition.
Periodontal treatments offered
Periodontal scaling and root planing —The dentist removes tartar (sometimes using local anesthesia) to remove the debris and bacteria that cause infection. Scaling and root planing is used to treat gingivitis and periodontitis when the gum cavity exceeds 5 mm or when the toothbrush or dental floss is no longer effective.
Gingivoplasty (gum tissue remodeling) — Gingival recession (gum recession) caused by periodontitis makes the teeth appear longer. The dentist or specialist may graft gum tissue in order to redress the gum line, and make it more aesthetic and functional.
Osteoplasty (bone tissue remodeling) – When periodontitis has been treated, the dentist or specialist may remodel the bone tissue to add stability to the teeth and create a natural and aesthetic smile.
Bone graft – In the very specific cases when a significant bone loss occurs, a graft corrects the defects of the bone tissue to reinforce the teeth.
Periodontal diseases may be controlled with a rigorous hygiene program and regular visits to the dentist.
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